Holism is the idea that systems and their properties should be viewed as wholes, not just as a collection of parts. The term holism was coined by Jan Smuts. Alfred Adler considered holism as a concept that represents all of the wholes in the universe, and these wholes are the real factors in the universe.
Tongue and pulse quality are important diagnostic tools in Chinese and Western medicine. However, in cardiovascular Chinese medicine, the tongue diagnosis is not an important part of the patient examination because of the nature of diseases.